Cuts and Bruises
Cuts and bruises are among the most common everyday injuries. These injuries very in severity and can be very painful.
Cuts are caused by any sharp objects penetrating the skin. Depending on the depth of the cut, bleeding often occurs. While small scratches and abrasions of skin can be cared for at home by using proper first aid techniques like cleaning and applying sterile bandages, larger cuts that bleed and leave an open wound require urgent medical attention.
Bruises result from blunt contact with a person or object. Impact causes an injury to the tissue below the skin, resulting in bleeding under the skin. Bruises progress from looking red, to blue or purple over time, and turn yellow before fading off. This discoloration appearing on the skin is actually blood that has settled just below the skin surface or above the muscle.
Cuts and bruises can cause pain and swelling but usually begin to improve a couple of days after an injury. Swelling is usually gone after a week. Pain may take 2 weeks to completely go away.
Cuts – when to come in:
Cut is deeper into the skin
Bleeding does not stop after a few minutes of direct pressure or keeps occurring.
Signs of infection ( fever, swelling/redness/tenderness at the area)
If object that caused cut was rusty or dirty
Numbness or weakness beyond wound
If something stuck in the wound
Face or neck wound
Bruises – when to come in:
- Bruise swells significantly
Bruise with significant pain
- Bruising occurs easily or for no apparent reason